[Convegno] Lo SG Genere e Politica al Convegno SISP 2019 – Lecce

Lo Standing Group ‘Genere e Politica’ ha partecipato allo scorso Convegno SISP 2019 a Lecce, organizzando 3 panel e una Roundtable dal titolo ‘Gender and politics research in Italy and Europe‘.

Panel 7.1 Le politiche (e gli studi) di genere sono sotto attacco (anche) in Italia?

Secondo molti commentatori, in Europa è in corso di svolgimento una battaglia politica e culturale che molti indicano con il termine backlash (reazione) contro le politiche e gli studi di genere e di equità, come dimostrano i recenti eventi in Ungheria. Con l’insediamento nel giugno 2018 del governo Conte sembrano emergere anche in Italia questo tipo di reazioni portate avanti in particolare dal partito della Lega che ha trasformato la propria agenda politica in chiave populista, fortemente conservatrice, razzista e anti-femminista. Esemplare in tal senso il ddl Pillon, fortemente osteggiato dal movimento femminista e dagli addetti ai lavori (avvocati, operatori sociali, centri antiviolenza, studiosi/e) poiché rappresenta il tentativo politico di limitare la libertà e i diritti delle donne e dei minori, anche nei casi di violenza in famiglia.
La condizione di deficit di legittimità dell’Unione Europea dovuta all’incapacità di risolvere la crisi economica e migratoria rende le imminenti elezioni del Parlamento Europeo un banco di prova importante anche per comprendere la tenuta delle politiche di parità e di equità a livello sia comunitario che nei singoli stati membri. Gli attori politici (partiti di sinistra) e sociali (movimenti, associazioni, università) che sono stati per un lungo periodo i sostenitori delle politiche di equità appaiono indeboliti e minacciati dagli attori di questa controreazione. Quale tipo di strategie di resistenza possono essere adottate? In che modo le politiche e le istituzioni di parità sono influenzate da questo cambiamento politico? ll cosiddetto femminismo di stato e le women policy agencies possono costituire baluardi di resistenza? E infine, le garanzie costituzionali e democratiche sono sufficientemente robuste per garantire la libertà dell’insegnamento e della ricerca in Italia sulle questioni di genere?
Il presente panel, sponsorizzato dallo Standing Group ‘Genere e Politica’, intende raccogliere contributi riguardanti le sfide attuali alle politiche per l’equità e agli studi di genere in Italia, dentro il più ampio contesto europeo. In particolare sono sollecitati contributi da parte di studios* di scienze sociali che approfondiscano uno o più dei seguenti temi: processi di policy anti-equality; la relazione tra politica e libertà accademiche; il nesso tra genere e populismo; crisi economica e politiche reazionarie; gli attori, i processi e le strategie di mobilitazione e lobbying pro e contro l’equality.

Chairs: Paola Degani, Alessia Donà

Discussants: Paola Degani, Alessia Donà

Dal contrasto alla povertà alla salute. Le strategie sulla parità di genere dell’Alleanza italiana per lo sviluppo sostenibile e le politiche pubbliche.
Amelia Laura Crucitti

Genere, sessualità e famiglia: indicatori di un nuovo cleavage politico?
Massimo Prearo, Selena Grimaldi

Il mainstreaming di genere nelle politiche e la sua evoluzione: dalla prospettiva di genere alle politiche gender sensitive.
Julia Di Campo, Giada Storti

Il racconto a mezzo stampa del ddl Pillon: polarizzazioni del dibattito
Ferdinando Iazzetta, Giuseppe Michele Padricelli, Gabriella Punziano, Barbara Saracino

 


Panel 3.4 Gender and Representation (I)

The political (under-)representation of women is currently the subject of a wide range of studies at the international level focusing on its extent, causes, and effects. On the one hand, scholars focus on the numeric aspects of women’s representation at the various level of government (national, sub-national, and supra-national) and identify the obstacles (political, institutional, socio-economic, cultural) that hinder gender equality in political representation or investigate whether attempts to remove those obstacles (gender quotas, women committees) are effective. On the other hand, international literature focuses on the effects of women’s representation, investigating whether and to what extent an increase of women in parliaments or in executive roles in the government has an impact in the content or the direction of legislation.
These two different dimensions of women’s representation, commonly referred to as descriptive and substantive representation – together with a third dimension, namely, symbolic representation, which focuses of the effects of an increased representation on the gender roles that are culturally assigned to women in a society – are the object of this panel.
The panel welcomes contributions to all aspects of women’s political representation at the different levels of government. Papers may be theoretical or empirical, and new methodological approaches to study gender representation are especially welcome. Works may consist in single-case studies or comparative analyses. Papers focusing on the Italian case are particularly encouraged.

Chairs: Pamela Pansardi, Licia Claudia Papavero

Discussants: Isabelle Engeli

(Anti-)Feminism and Populism: the Case of Law and Justice in Poland
Anna Gwiazda

Electoral laws, vote and gender representation in 2019 European elections in Italy
Marta Regalia, Guido Legnante

Gender Quotas and the Path to Power: Evidence from Italy
Britt Bolin

The effect of legislative gender quotas in Italy: a regression discontinuity design
Andrea Pedrazzani, Pamela Pansardi


Panel 3.4 Gender and Representation (III)

he political (under-)representation of women is currently the subject of a wide range of studies at the international level focusing on its extent, causes, and effects. On the one hand, scholars focus on the numeric aspects of women’s representation at the various level of government (national, sub-national, and supra-national) and identify the obstacles (political, institutional, socio-economic, cultural) that hinder gender equality in political representation or investigate whether attempts to remove those obstacles (gender quotas, women committees) are effective. On the other hand, international literature focuses on the effects of women’s representation, investigating whether and to what extent an increase of women in parliaments or in executive roles in the government has an impact in the content or the direction of legislation.
These two different dimensions of women’s representation, commonly referred to as descriptive and substantive representation – together with a third dimension, namely, symbolic representation, which focuses of the effects of an increased representation on the gender roles that are culturally assigned to women in a society – are the object of this panel.
The panel welcomes contributions to all aspects of women’s political representation at the different levels of government. Papers may be theoretical or empirical, and new methodological approaches to study gender representation are especially welcome. Works may consist in single-case studies or comparative analyses. Papers focusing on the Italian case are particularly encouraged.
Tavola Rotonda – Gli studi su genere e politica in Italia e in Europa

Chairs: Martina Avanza

Mapping gender in the Italian academia
Lorenza Perini, Claudia Padovani

Working on Gender and Sexuality from the Perspective of the Political Science: the Italian Context
Massimo Prearo

Establishing Gender and Politics in the Italian Landscape: Insights from European Leadership
Isabelle Engeli, Mieke Verloo

Le minacce agli studi di genere oggi in Europa
Mieke Verloo


Panel 6.2 Catholic mobilizations: religious movements in the public sphere (II)

Panel co-hosted by the standing groups “Participation and Social Movements” and “Religion and Politics”.

Chairs:
Avanza Martina, Senior Lecturer, University of Lausanne, CRAPUL
Alberta Giorgi, Assistant Professor, University of Bergamo

Discussant: Anna Lavizzari, Research Fellow at Scuola Normale Superiore in Florence, COSMOS

Starting in 2012-2013 in France against marriage equality, a wave of Catholic mobilizations rapidly spread all around Europe. Catholic organizations protested against the possible recognition (or the enforcement) of LGBT+ rights, and, later on, against the so-called ‘gender theory’. A few years later, this wave of mobilization is still in place and gained new fuel from the electoral and political success of the extreme right, especially in Central and Eastern Europe. In 2018, for example, Hungary banned gender studies at colleges: this testifies for a renewed public legitimacy of religious discourse in the public and political spheres. Furthermore, the development of transnational networks facilitated the diffusion of mobilization resources and repertories of actions across countries. The 2019 World Congress of Families, organized by the International Organization for the Family to protect the ‘traditional’ family, will take place in Italy where the Minister of the family, a devoted Catholic, is openly anti-abortion.
This panel focuses on the Catholic mobilizations in Europe, to understand cross-country similarities and differences, internal organizations and claims between local actions and transnational networks, patterns of failures and successes, and alliances and opponents.
Conservative and reactionary mobilizations, very visible since 2012, tend to obscure progressive Catholics engaged, amongst others, in the Peace Movement or in the Refugees and Migrant solidarity movements but we would also like to include these groups to the analysis.

Theoretically grounded empirical papers are welcome on the following (but not exclusive) topics:
• Case studies and/or comparative analyses of Catholic mobilizations (conservative and progressive ones)
• Public and media discourse around Catholic mobilization
• Analysis of transnational networking
• Methodology papers on how to study these movements that pose specific challenges
• Papers addressing social movements theory: what these mobilizations can bring to SM theory, which is built on non-religious mostly progressive case studies?
• How to integrate religion in Social Movement Studies? Is there a Catholic specificity?
• Papers addressing the gendered agenda of these movements, but also their gendered organization.

Chairs: Alberta Giorgi

Discussants: Anna Lavizzari

Anti-Gender, Pro-Life and Pro-Family Mobilizations in Italy: a Neocatholic Front
Massimo Prearo

Religious Organizations in Poland
Agnieszka Bejma

When gender equality became gender ideology? The strange case of Portugal
Alberta Giorgi

“The vigils are a call for you to get involved”: how repertoires help to capture youth activism against same-sex marriage in France
Marie Balas

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